Fuelberth, R. J. V. (2004).
The effect of various left-hand conducting gestures on perceptions of
anticipated vocal tension in singers.
International Journal of Research in Choral Singing, 2 (1), 27-38.
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The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of a videotaped
model of a conductor, utilizing various left hand conducting gestures,
on singers¹ anticipated inappropriate vocal tension levels, given the
meaning interpreted from a gesture. Specifically, the potential of left
hand conducting gestures to generate or prevent perceptions of
inappropriate vocal tension was examined.
A stimulus tape was created including a control conducting condition
(left hand, no change) and five experimental conducting conditions: (a)
left hand, fisted gesture; (b) left hand, palm up; (c) left hand, palm
down; (d) left hand stabbing gesture; and (e) left hand, sideways,
phrase-shaping gesture. Participants (N=192) selected to evaluate the
stimulus tape were members of university choral ensembles. Prior to
evaluating the stimulus tape, participants were given a characterization
of inappropriate vocal tension.
Results indicated that the mean anticipated tension levels for the
fisted (M=6.35, SD=2.11) palm down (M=5.63, SD=2.35), and stabbing
(M=6.00, SD=2.11) conducting conditions were greater than the mean
anticipated tension level for the no change condition (M=4.11, SD=2.47).
Results also indicated that the mean anticipated tension level for the
sideways, phrase-shaping condition (M=3.01, SD=1.97) was significantly
lower than the mean anticipated tension level for the no change
condition (M=4.11, SD=2.47). There was no significant difference between
anticipated tension levels for the palm up and no change conducting
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